In a statement on May 16, Huawei said that losing acce

ss to US suppliers “will do significant economic harm to the US companies” and affect “tens of thousands of US jobs”. In total, US firm

s sold an estimated $11 billion worth of components to Huawei last year, according to earlier media reports.

“I’m not able to tell you exactly what the costs will be; it differs from company to company,” said Allen.

“But clearly, from a corporate perspective, this Department

of Commerce action has created costs and has escalated the uncertainty quite a bit.”

Asked to comment on some voices in the US calling for the “decoupling” of the two countries, especially in the technology sect

or, Allen said both sides should pursue a playing field of “smart competition and engagement”, in which the

y play by a “common set of rules” that are mainly set by World Trade Organization obligations.

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The 5G tech will not only improve the way people liv

 live and work, but also accelerate China’s social digital transformation as well as build key competence amid the uphill battle in the global industry,” Huang said.

“There are huge investment opportunities for 5G industries, including materials, chips,

main equipment suppliers, base stations, antenna, cloud computing, internet of vehicles and the internet of things,” Hu

ang said. “5G will bring historic opportunities for China’s economic and social development.”

A new 5G research institute has also been established in Yizhuang, Beijing on Wednesday.

According to a new report by Global System for Mobile Communications Associ

ation, China is set to become the largest 5G market in the globe, with 460 million 5G users by 2025.

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Development of huge shale oil field goes full steam

This year, PetroChina’s Xinjiang Oilfield Company has been fully develop

ing the Jimsar shale oil field, which boasts 1 billion tons of shale oil reserves, Xinhua reported.

The company has mobilized 36 drilling rigs, started drilling on 47 wells and completed eight wells till now. The daily drille

d footage surpassed 2,000 meters and the total drilled footage reached 160,000 meters.

PetroChina has ramped up exploration efforts on Bohai Bay Basin, Songliao Basin, Ordo

s Basin and Junggar Basin in recent years and shale oil was listed as one of the four exploration goals. Dagang Oilfi

eld, Xinjiang Oilfield, Tuha Oilfield and Changqing Oilfield have been set as important demonstration zones.

Xinjiang Oilfield Company said it planned to mobilize 45 drilling rigs this year to finish drilling nearly 100 wells.

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In May, the offshore RMB exchange rate against the US do

dollar dropped more than 3 percent under market pressure as global investors worried about the escalation of trade friction.

Guo Shuqing, Party secretary of the People’s Bank of China, the central bank, said on Monda

y that higher US tariffs on China’s imports triggered financial market volatility, and this also affected the offshore RMB.

The currency’s depreciation was purely caused by market forces, a

d China has never taken any measures to deliberately devalue the currency to make its exports more

attractive, said Guo, who is also head of the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission.

According to Guo, the short-term fluctuation of the RMB exchange

rate was normal, and the depreciation will not last long given the stable economic growth base.

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So far EU ministers have only agreed a modest mandat

 to discuss reductions in tariffs in industrial goods and to seek agreement on conformity assessments. EU Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmstrom is opp

osed to any quota agreement on cars and has lambasted the national security excuse put forward by the White House.

The most prominent supporter of free trade is the center-right European People’s Party which lost sea

ts largely to right-wing parties opposed to free trade, and to the Greens which want tougher conditions attached to trade deals.

The center-left Socialists are also broadly in support of free trade but lo

st seats, while the pro-trade Liberals (the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe) gai

ned seats. But the Liberals are now aligned with French President Emmanuel Macron’s En Ma

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Still, the victory of the Brexit Party could prompt the Cons

servatives to choose a new leader to campaign on a “no-deal” Brexit. But

this has little or no chance of being accepted by the British parliament, which means the B

rexit stalemate will continue until there is a general election or a second referendum. In any case, the normally pr

ofree trade voice of the UK will be reduced in the new European Parliament.

Beijing‘s first bikeway, which connects Huilongguan in Changping district and Shangdi in

Haidian district for cyclists, has finished the colored pavement and is about to open this week.

The bicycle-only road has a maximum speed of no more than 15 kilom

eters per hour and is forbidden to entry by pedestrians, electric bicycles and other vehi

cles, according to traffic rules on the bikeway released by the Beijing Municipal Commission of Transport.

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to see that with the right structure, we can get tons of be

Lu Yong, vice-president of Huawei Technologies Co, said China’s d

igital economy has thrived on the basis that China has built the world’s largest 4G network.

“5G is not just a faster 4G. It will fundamentally reshape how enterprises run busine

sses and overhaul a wide range of industries by using data to create more value,” Lu said.

Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang reiterated on Monday that China

has been holding a consistent position in trade frictions with the United States, say

ing the differences should be resolved through friendly consultations and negotiations.

Lu’s remarks came as US President Donald Trump said in Japan that the US isn’t ready to make a trade deal with Ch

ina, but he’s leaving open the possibility that the two nations could strike an agreement someday.

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Foreign investors believe that China has enough policy

icy tools to offset short-term downside pressure, while the financial risks are under control as the country’s debt level has shown signs of stabilizing, Zhang said.

China’s overall debt-to-GDP ratio had dropped to 249.4 percent

by the end of 2018, 1.5 percentage points lower than a year earlier, according to the PBOC.

If trade tensions escalate further, more opening-up policies in the sectors of medical

care and education will help boost global investors’ confidence in the Chinese economy, Zhang added.

By hiking the tariffs on $200 billion of Chinese goods from 10 percent t

o 25 percent just when it seemed the China-US trade talks would achieve a bre

akthrough, the United States has not only intensified the trade dispute but also ensured both sides take a knock.

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Since agricultural products account for a relatively smal

ll percentage of China’s total exports to the US, the tariff hike is expected to have a limited impact on its overall trade. But Chi

na’s export of textiles, chemicals, daily necessities and some other products will be affected. Yet the effect of the h

igher tariffs would be somewhat offset due to the ratio of foreign capital and value-added goods in China’s foreign trade.

In terms of product category, the tariffs are targeted at intermediate and capital goods. Intermediate prod

ucts, capital goods, and consumer goods account for 51 percent, 32 percent and 17 percent of t

he $250 billion of Chinese goods on which the US has imposed higher tariffs (the US had already slapped higher tari

ffs of $50 billion of Chinese goods last year). And since 29 percent of consumer goods, 39 percent of capital goods and 74 perce

nt of intermediate products face higher tariffs, intermediate products will be the most affected by the US tariffs.

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As for global GDP, manufacturing employment and

trade, they could decline by 0.134 percent, 0.323 percent and 0.869 percent. Th

e US tariff hikes therefore will increase the economic pain of the US and world economies.

Agricultural products, chemicals and chemical products, textiles and g

arments are the main US items targeted by China’s higher tariffs. But despite the higher tar

iffs providing some protection for domestic industries, Chinese consumers might have to pay more to purchase them.

In the first four months of this year, the volume of Sino-US trade dropped by 15.7 percent to $161.23 billion. In terms of product

structure, US exports of raw materials and foods to China saw the biggest decline, among which the export of so

ybeans plummeted by half in March compared with the same period last year. And US exports of plant products, mi

nerals, jewelry and precious metals declined by more than 85 percent in the first quarter.

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